On the Day of Russia, President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin traditionally awarded the State Prizes of the Russian Federation for outstanding achievements in the field of science and technology, literature and art, and humanitarian activities. The group of doctors became the laureates of the honorary award: the chief physician of the Research Institute – Regional Clinical Hospital No. 1 named after S.V. Ochapovsky (Research Institute – KKB) Ministry of Health of the Krasnodar Territory, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Hero of Labor of the Russian Federation Vladimir Porkhanov, Head of the Surgical Thoracic Department of University Clinical Hospital No. 2 of Moscow State Medical University named after I.M.Sechenova Vladimir Parshin, Scientific Director of the Russian Scientific Center of X-ray Radiology of the Ministry of Health of Russia Vladimir Kharchenko. Their work is so highly appreciated for the scientific justification and introduction into clinical practice of a new concept of mortality reduction in patients with stenotic tracheal disease. New approaches and techniques can save the lives of many patients and extend their working period. Continue reading
Those who wish took part in a master class, where they studied the rules of taking autopsy material for histological examination and evaluation of the results.
Within the framework of the congress, the Kryukov Readings were held, where the discussion of the scientific heritage of Professor V. Kryukov continued. His materials on the mechanisms, sequence, intravitality and prescription of the formation of bone fractures during trauma with blunt solid objects have not lost their relevance. But time passes, and the improvement of research methods continues. They are supplemented by new high-tech methods that provide fundamentally different opportunities for experts to substantiate their conclusions.The “School of Young Scientists and Specialists” has been held as part of the congress for the third year in a row. Well-known scientists and graduate students, residents, young doctors, forensic experts together discussed and gave their own assessment of the most significant world achievements in the industry. School curators noted that young experts prepared many interesting reports. Continue reading
As a confirmation of what was said, he cited the development of a professional standard for forensic experts, noting that thanks to the active position of V. Cool and the effective work of his initiative working group, this professional standard has already been approved.
Deputy Dean of the Faculty of Advanced Medical Studies of MONIKI named after M.F.Vladimirsky Lyudmila Khromova highly appreciated the preparations for the accreditation of the Department of Forensic Medicine MONIKI. She noted that the department is undergoing significant work on the methodological support of this process. The necessary materials for thematic lecture courses are published, and a program is developed taking into account new professional standards. Continue reading
Professor Sotaro Mimasaka spoke about the use of spectrophotometry as a method that provides scientific evidence for the coexistence of “old” and “fresh” bruises. This question often worries the investigation.
The spectrophotometer digitizes skin color, and the ultrasound diagnostic equipment used for ultrasonography helps to find the necessary evidence of violence. This is an assessment of the depth and thickness of subcutaneous hemorrhage. According to the Japanese expert, in the near future, these methods can be used to protect children from adult abuse of their rights.
Director of the Institute of Forensic Medicine of the University of Bonn (Germany), Professor Burkhard Madea, made a report entitled “Determination of heat shock proteins in various tissues under the influence of high temperature,” which provided evidence that the hypothesis that hyperthermia is the main risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome when such a conclusion is made only on the basis of a series of immune histochemical studies. Continue reading
The following virtopsy was performed by pilots of a crashed light-engine aircraft. The victims received injuries of the musculoskeletal system, pelvis, significant soft tissue injuries. It was not possible to catch them all in a forensic study. Identification of primary injuries that were formed from hitting specific objects before the plane crashed helped to restore the sequence of pilots in an emergency. Reconstruction took place step by step, the details of the tragic aircraft accident were revealed.
V. Klevno cited the results of another virtopsy – the corpse of a teenage girl. She died from a fall from a great height. But it was necessary to find out the mechanism of injury. And for this, determine whether there is air in the cavity of the cardiovascular system, the spinal canal. The experts were interested in how pneumothorax and intraparenchymal pulmonary tissue ruptures occurred, which are for the forensic expert new radiological signs of body concussion. Along with known morphological features, they indicate a hit on a hard surface as a result of a highly impulsive injury. Continue reading